There are" true bugs" (Hemiptera) that require the attention of the pest management professional. The two mentioned most often are the boxelder and chinch bug.
However, another bug, and old foe, which has been spotted through the country and on the rise is the bed bug. This insect belongs to the Cimicidae insect family in the order Hemiptera (Heteroptera)
Prior to World War II, bed bug infestations were common. Since the development of synthetic organic insecticides such a DDT and Chlordane, bed bug infestations in buildings have declined significantly. In fact in the United States, bed bugs infestations have been exceedingly rare in the past fifty years
This insect belongs to the Cimicidae family in the order Hemiptera (Heteroptera).
It is important to differentiate between the common bed bug and other cimicids that feed on bats and birds because control efforts can be targeted at wrong sites and infestations can continue.
- Bed bugs are oval, flat and reddish brown.
- Nymphs and adults have piercing -sucking mouth parts.
- They range from one-fourth inch to five-eights inch in length.
- Bed bugs are incapable of flight. However ,small stubby wing remnants can be observed on the prothorax of adults.
- Bed bugs tend to live in clusters and feed exclusively at night.
- A bed bug bite may develop small, white to red, hard welts at the bite site.
The first step to control is to know where the bed bugs' harborages are located.
- Tufts, seams and buttons on mattresses
- Cracks in hardwood flooring
- Under carpets along walls
- Wall voids behind switch plates & outlets
- Windows and door moldings
- Behind wallpapers and pictures
- Box springs
- Bed frames and covers
- Couches and Chairs
- A good vacuum can be used to quickly remove exposed insects.
- Steam applications can be used to treat mattresses.
- Glue traps can be used as a monitoring device however, they are not effective for elimination.
Choose your treatments strategy, since bed bugs clusters are found in cracks, crevices and voids, products specially formulated for these areas are best to control the source.
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